La biographie de l'un des principaux promoteur de la tolérance et de la liberté d'opinion. Aujourd'hui plus que jamais, Voltaire est invoqué contre le fanatisme religieux et en faveur des libertés. L'auteur du Traité sur la tolérance (1763) s'est en effet engagé dans tous les combats de son siècle contre l'obscurantisme. Cet écrivain surdoué a pratiqué tous les genres, cet ambitieux s'est introduit dans tous les milieux où régnaient le pouvoir et l'argent. Mais jamais il n'a abdiqué son indépendance d'esprit. Ce petit homme maladif, au cours d'une vie mouvementée, a porté très haut et très loin les droits de la conscience et l'esprit français. Voltaire, flambeau des Lumières, est universel. " Voilà un Voltaire qui se lit comme un roman [...] tant le personnage est prenant, les rebondissements innombrables, la trajectoire unique. " Roger-Pol Droit, Le Monde des Livres
Around the World in 80 Days
Around the World in 80 Days is a classic adventure novel by the French writer Jules Verne, published in 1873. In the story, Phileas Fogg of London and his newly employed French valet Passepartout attempt to circumnavigate the world in 80 days on a £20,000 wager (roughly £2 million today) set by his friends at the Reform Club. It is one of Verne's most acclaimed works. “Anything one man can imagine, other men can make real.” -- Jules Verne, Around the World in Eighty Days “A true Englishman doesn't joke when he is talking about so serious a thing as a wager.” -- Jules Verne, Around the World in Eighty Days “I see that it is by no means useless to travel, if a man wants to see something new” -- Jules Verne, Around the World in Eighty Days
Biographical note: Sascha Bru, Genth University, Belgium; Peter Nicholls, University of Sussex, UK.
Inequality and Climate Change
Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges of the twenty-first century. Anthropogenic activities, such as fossil fuel consumption and other activities focused on enhancing economic growth, have been identified as the main drivers of changes in the environment that defy planetary boundaries. The transgression of planetary boundaries has profound implications for practically all biophysical and human systems and their impact could also be related to the exacerbation of existing problems such as land tenure insecurity, poverty and inequality, marginalization of poorer populations, climate induced migration, and resource wars or conflicts. From a global South perspective, research on the multifaceted nature of climate change is thus necessary and appropriate, including the analysis of socioeconomic, political and cultural aspects. This book is an outcome of the Comparative Research Workshop on "Inequality and Climate Change: Perspectives from the South" of the South-South Collaborative Programme of CLACSO-CODESRIA-IDEAS. It gathers a diversity of case studies from the South with ample biophysical differences and particular social and cultural realities. As such, it is a fresh contribution offering a vantage point from which to examine some of the current perspectives on inequality and climate change.
A rapidly growing area of economic research investigates the top of the income distribution using data from income tax records. This volume brings together studies of top incomes for twelve countries from around the world, including China, India, Japan, Argentina and Indonesia. Together with the first volume, published in 2007, the studies cover twenty two countries. They have a long time span, the earliest data relating to 1875 (for Norway), allowing recent developments to be placed in historical perspective. The volume describes in detail the source data and the methods employed. It will be an invaluable reference source for researchers in the field. Individual country chapters deal with the specific nature of the data for each of the countries, and describe the long-term evolution of top income shares. In the countries as a whole, dramatic changes have taken place at the top of the income distribution. Over the first part of the century, top income shares fell markedly. This largely took the form of a reduction in capital incomes. The different authors examine the impact of the First and Second World Wars, contrasting countries that were and were not engaged. They consider the impact of depressions and banking crises, and pay particular attention to the impact of progressive taxation. In the last 30 years, the shares of top incomes have increased markedly in the US and other Anglo-Saxon countries, reflecting the increased dispersion of earnings. The volume includes statistics on the much-discussed top pay and bonuses, providing a global perspective that discusses important differences between countries such as the lesser increase in Continental Europe. This book, together with volume 1, documents this interesting development and explores the underlying causes. The findings are brought together in a final summary chapter by Atkinson, Piketty and Saez.
Concise Oxford English Dictionary
Offers definitions for English words and phrases, along with observations about the evolution of the dictionary since its first edition and tables that contain information for such topics as countries and chemical elements.
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories
Presents a collection of fifty-nine familiar and unfamiliar stories by such writers as John Cheever, Ray Bradbury, Flannery O'Connor, Edmund White, and Richard Wright.
The Barber of Seville and The Marriage of Figaro
A French courtier, secret agent, libertine and adventurer, Beaumarchais (1732-99) was also author of two sparkling plays about the scoundrelly valet Figaro - triumphant successes that were used as the basis of operas by Mozart and Rossini. A highly engaging comedy of intrigue, The Barber of Seville portrays the resourceful Figaro foiling a jealous old man's attempts to keep his beautiful ward from her lover. And The Marriage of Figaro - condemned by Louis XVI for its daring satire of nobility and privilege - depicts a master and servant set in opposition by their desire for the same woman. With characteristic lightness of touch, Beaumarchais created an audacious farce of disguise and mistaken identity that balances wit, frivolity and seriousness in equal measure.
Coloniality at Large
A state-of-the-art anthology of postcolonial theory and practice in the Latin American context.
Linking the study of business and politics, Christine Haynes reconstructs the passionate and protracted debate over the development of the book trade in nineteenth-century France. In tracing the contest over literary production in France, Haynes emphasizes the role of the Second Empire in enacting - but also in limiting - press freedom and literary property.